Monthly Archives

November 2015

#PINternetFreedom Chat With Bolanle Oduntan (@BolanleOdu)

By | ICT Policy, Internet Freedom

Topic: Rights Are Rights, Online Or Offline

Date: Thursday, 19th November, 2015 | Time: 2pm WAT

There is a common perception that fundamental human rights are limited to physical abuse. In most African legal jurisdictions, the concept of virtual rights is alien. Internet rights are often regarded as remote to actualization of human rights especially in Africa when actual fact they co-exist. What must be duly noted however is that there is a growing need to identify what internet rights are before discussions and actions regarding its abuse can be started.

One of the most common of all internet rights is the right to expression. This right is globally recognized in international statutes and individual countries have been encouraged to adopt same in their local legislations. Nigeria is one of the countries that have adopted this right into its corpus juris. It is important to note that aside from the indefeasible nature of the Nigerian Constitution, it is also the most organic law of the entire Nigerian state. Therefore, in its provisions, no law while in force can be inconsistent with the Constitution and where such law exists, it will be to the extent of its inconsistency be void, Section 1 reads: This Constitution is supreme and its provisions shall have binding force on the authorities and persons throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Sub-section (3) further reads: If any other law is inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail, and that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. This gives us a panoramic overview of the crucial intendments of the Constitution in its provisions among which the Fundamental Human Rights is entrenched.

Bolanle Oduntan

‘Bolanle Oduntan is a commercial legal practitioner with experience in corporate commercial law, dispute management, mitigation and resolution. He is an intellectual property law consultant and advise major telecoms and IT services providers on intellectual property and technology related matters. ‘Bolanle is a technology enthusiast.

‘Bolanle has incorporated a number of innovative tech-startup, e-commerce companies and continues to advise within the growing tech community. He works with service providers in the capital market space and value added services provider with interests in data development, collection, ownership and in other cases data use and assignment.

’Bolanle is an Associate in the Law Firm of Abraham & Co., a Lagos based firm with a reputation for advising on complicated intellectual property, technology, entertainment and tax law related issues. He is social commentator and advocate of internet freedom with an understanding of the law and an evolving online culture. He holds a law degree from Olabisi Onabanjo University.He is a member of the Nigerian Bar Association, Young International Arbitration Group of the London Court of International Arbitration and other notable professional bodies. “



The Nnamdi Azikwe University, Awka will host young techies, tech professionals, academia, media, investors and about 300 students with keen interest in ICT solutions at the 4th annual TENT Gathering from November 24th through 26th 2015.
With the likes of Dr. Emmanuel Ekuwem (Chairman, Teledom Group), ‘Gbenga Sesan (Executive Director, PIN), Chude Jideonwo (Managing Partner, Red Media Africa), Dr. Adeniran Oluwaranti (HOD, Computer Science- O.A.U, Ile-Ife), Emeka Okoye (CEO, Cymantics Nigeria), Olusola Amusan (Citizenship Manager, Microsoft Nigeria), Adeboye Adegoke (ICT Policy Manager, PIN), Odunoluwa Longe (Co-Founder, All things Strategy and Development), Omotunde Seyi James (CEO, Surfweb Nigeria), Dimgba Kalu, (Lead Developer, Integrated Business Network) Okoye Nzubechukwu (Google Developers Group, Enugu) and Kendra Nnachi (Audience Evangelism Manager, Microsoft Nigeria) sharing relevant experiences to help young tech enthusiasts move their ideas towards reality, the platform is poised to realize its big vision; which to help jumpstart the culture of innovation and enterprise in the mould of global technology brands which all began from the university halls of their young founders.



T.E.N.T is PIN’s response to the huge need to reverse the current trend in youth unemployment in Nigeria, and institute a culture of graduating with business plans (or businesses) and not resumes. The platform provides a space where young Nigerians are not afraid of failure, as an opportunity to learn, and where budding Nigerian technopreneurs can showcase their work, connect with resources, add value to market and inspire innovation.
The final day of the gathering focuses on demos of products and services by young techies who hope to use the opportunity of the Gathering to launch their products/services. A panel of investors and mentors would listen to the presentations and give feedback that could help improve their product/service. It is expected that there would be requests for additional meetings or announcements of support for projects that catch attention.
The Taiwo Bankole Ogunyemi Prize is won during a keen contest where teams from various tertiary institutions present a demo of product or service to a panel of judges. The winning schools are determined based on factors like product relevance, potential for impact, appropriate use of technology and creativity among others. In 2014, the star Prize was won by Students of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife; with Nnamdi Azikwe University and University of Benin emerging as first and second runners up respectively. The TAIWO BANKOLE OGUNYEMI Prize for 2015 has been announced as N1 million.

For more information please contact:
Adebola Agbaje, Project Manager, Paradigm Initiative Nigeria, +234 1 342 62 45

Offline and Silent: New Report Shines Light onto Reality of Women’s Internet Use in Nigeria (#WomensRightsOnline)

By | ICT Policy

DSCN2504Women suffer disproportionately from this digital divide – in this survey of over 700 women in Lagos, Nigeria, it was found that while 66% of men had accessed the Internet in the previous six months, only 36% of women had.

New research by the Web Foundation, established by Web inventor Sir Tim Berners-Lee, in partnership with Paradigm Initiative Nigeria shows that the dramatic spread of mobile phones is not enough to get women online, or to achieve empowerment of women through technology.

The study, based on a survey of thousands of poor urban men and women across nine developing countries*, found that nearly all women and men own a phone, but women are still nearly 50% less likely to access the Internet than men in the same communities, with Internet use reported by just 37% of women surveyed. Once online, women are 30-50% less likely than men to use the Internet to increase their income or participate in public life.

The most striking findings for Nigeria include:

  • Affordability continues to be a major challenge preventing women from getting online in the first place – 67% of female respondents to this survey reported being unable to afford
  • Women when online in Nigeria, use the internet to communicate and socialize, with 95% of both women and men who access the Internet using it to access social media websites. However, few women use the internet to access information about health issues, including malaria, which is a major public health problem in Nigeria. Only 10% of all women who participated in the survey had sought information on sexual and reproductive health on the web.
  • Two thirds of the respondents to the study expressed a strong belief that people should have the right to debate any subject online without government interference, and 75% of women surveyed strongly agreed that people should have the right to express controversial views freely without risking being harmed as a result but trends in the last few years suggest that the Federal Government might be resorting to extreme measures to subvert the free activity of Nigerian citizens online.

According to PIN COO, Tope Ogundipe “This report establishes that when given the opportunity to understand the value that technology brings to their lives, and with increased digital literacy, women will express themselves freely and confidently online. However, the Nigerian government must provide women with ICT tools, lower the costs of accessibility, and educate women about the knowledge opportunities that exist online.”

Global results

Across all cities in the study, women identified a perceived lack of know-how and high costs as the two primary barriers keeping them offline. Women are 1.6 times more likely than men to report lack of skills as a barrier to Internet use, while one gigabyte of data costs as much as 76% of monthly poverty line incomes in the countries in the study.

According to the study, women’s access to education is a strong determinant of Internet use. Controlling for other variables, urban poor women with at least some secondary education were six times more likely to be online than urban poor women with lower levels of schooling. Cities with the highest gender gaps in education level such as Nairobi (Kenya), Kampala (Uganda), Maputo (Mozambique), and Jakarta (Indonesia) were also the ones with the highest gender gaps in Internet access, while the gender gap in Internet access has closed in the cities where women’s educational attainment outstripped that of men (New Delhi, India and Manila, Philippines).

Maintaining existing family and neighbourhood ties through social media is the main Internet activity for urban poor women, with 97% of male and female Internet users surveyed using social media.

Only a small minority of women Internet users surveyed are tapping into technology’s full empowering potential by seeking out information, expressing views on important issues, or looking for economic opportunities online, the study found. Controlling for other variables, women are 25% less likely to use the Internet for job-seeking than men,and 52% less likely than men to express controversial views online

.DSCN2501  DSCN2521

However, the research also identified a group of women digital trailblazers. Women who are active in offline community life are three times more likely than others to speak out online on important issues, controlling for education, age and income. Women with secondary education or better are almost four times more likely than others to use the Internet for economic advancement and information seeking.

Findings on education and civic engagement show that women who already have some status and power in their community are far more likely to use the Internet to improve their position further, the report argues. “To achieve the UN global goal on women’s empowerment through ICTs, the key challenge is how technology can assist those without status or power to claim it,” said Ingrid Brudvig, author of the study.

The study also examined the prevalence of ICT-mediated harassment and abuse, and calls on governments and online service providers to take appropriate action against it. Young people were most likely to have suffered harassment online, with over six in 10 women and men aged 18 – 24 saying they had suffered online abuse.


“Most poor urban women are confined in an ICT ghetto that does little to help them break out of the real ghetto of poverty and gender discrimination,” added Anne Jellema, Web Foundation CEO.  “Governments need to make digital skills the right of every girl and boy as part of a wider commitment to quality education for all, move faster to bring costs down and develop strategies that explicitly aim to increase women’s civic, political and economic power through technology.”

#UpdatesFromPIN: It’s Countdown to TENT Gathering 2015

By | Newsletter



Exciting! Our Dare to be the Brightest ICT Guy/Girl project hosted 30 schools in Kano State from October 20th -22nd, 2015. The training and ICT Quiz competition was organised in conjunction with the state’s Ministry of Education, with adequate support provided by Etisalat and Dufil Foods (the makers of Indomie). 476 students participated in the two-day training and 29 schools were represented at the ICT Quiz Competition. The winners of the 4th edition of the Dare to be BIG competition were Government Secondary School Kawaji, Government Girls Secondary School Shekara and Government Girls Secondary School Dukawiya who took 1st, 2nd and 3rd position respectively. The schools were presented with trophies while the students who represented the schools and were also presented with Etisalat Cliqlite courtesy Etisalat and android phones. Participants that took 4th-8th positions were also given branded shirts, and all schools were given educational comic materials as consolation prizes from Etisalat.

PIN will be hosting its annual TENT Gathering event from November 24th – 26th at the Nnamdi Azikwe University, Awka. The 3-day programme will feature Opening and Closing Keynote speeches, Tech Entrepreneurs, Panel speakers, full day practical sessions on various programming languages. Intending participants are encouraged to register via




The PIN ICT Policy Office made a FoI Request to the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) based on reports that the Commission shares call data of private citizens to security operatives. The content of the request was that the Commission provide the public with details of the due process followed by them in handing over such data to security operatives. The commission confirmed receipt of the request.

PIN also sent a letter to the Central Bank of Nigeria to suspend the Bank Verification Exercise (BVN) it mandated all Nigerian banks to embark on. The letter was written against the background of President Buhari’s call for harmonization of all data collection agencies in Nigeria pending the time a viable law is passed by the National Assembly to cater for Data Use in Nigeria. The letter was acknowledged by the Apex Bank as received.

PIN Executive Director, ‘Gbenga Sesan and Chief Operating Officer, Tope Ogundipe attended the Stockholm Internet Forum(SIF2015) that held in Sweden from 20th -22nd October 2015. PIN also released a country report on Women’s Rights Online in Nigeria, this report was launched along with a global reporting online involving 9 other countries during the Stockholm Internet Forum.



Extras (3)

In the month of October, Ajegunle and Aba Innovation Centres continued to touch the lives of under-served youths through the L.I.F.E. Program. The final session of training for the year 2015 commenced with rigorous selection process from a pool of  several applicants for the 2015D session. 40 qualified applicants were selected to partake in AjegunleLIFE 2015D session while 65 applicants were selected for AbaLIFE 2015D session. Orientation exercises for selected students, parents and volunteers also held concurrently at both Ajegunle and Aba Innovation Centres from Tuesday 6th – Friday 9th October 2015. The orientation sessions are for the purpose of getting parents and students acquainted with the L.I.F.E. training program.

L.I.F.E. 2015D training commenced with the ICT classes 12th October 2015, the students were trained on how to use different Microsoft productivity tools (MS Word, Excel and Powerpoint) and the Internet.
5 students from AjegunleLIFE alumni were selected to volunteer for W.TEC (an initiative that runs an after-school Technology Club in public schools).



PIN celebrated the first anniversary of her Digital Jobs project in Nigeria on October 2nd, 2015. The 1st anniversary tagged #OCTOBER2, was well attended by stakeholders who have worked with Paradigm Initiative Nigeria on the Digital Jobs project. Ugochukwu Nwosu, Stakeholder Development Officer for Rockefeller Foundation in Nigeria and Ghana was in attendance to give the opening keynote address at the event. In addition, online workers who have been trained by PIN on the Digital Jobs project were present to share their success stories.
Trainings in the month of October included the specialised skill class featuring the Advance Microsoft Office Suite with Joel Ogunsola and David Olaniyan as facilitators. The 22 Participants who attended the training on the 7th and 8th of October learnt how to use Microsoft Office Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Project to enhance their productivity. In addition, the Marketing and Sales training class facilitated by Jide Adeyemi took place from 13th to 14th, October 2015 and was attended by 21 participants. Participants learnt how to effectively sell their products or services.

PIN also organised 2 online work trainings in the month of October. The first training was attended by online workers who are having challenges with their Upwork/Elance accounts while second training was a special session for undergraduates from Yaba College of Technology, willing to earn an income whilst schooling. The trainings took place on the 9th and 30th of October and were facilitated by Gbenga Adebiyi and Elijah Otor respectively.

Prizes were also presented to the winners of the Digital Jobs #SeptemberChallenge. The contest which took place from September 7th – October 28th required online workers from October 2014 to post a 15-second video of them pitching their work on Instagram. Winners of the challenge were Elijah Otor, Tobi Obaniyi and Gbenga Olukosi who won Mini-laptop, Tecno Camon C8 and a Universal internet respectively.